Journal of Medical Physics
TECHNICAL NOTE
Year
: 2014  |  Volume : 39  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 251--258

A simple planning technique of craniospinal irradiation in the eclipse treatment planning system


Hemalatha Athiyaman1, Athiyaman Mayilvaganan1, Daleep Singh2 
1 Department of Radiation Physics, Acharya Tulsi Regional Cancer Treatment and Research Institute, Sardar Patel Medical College and Associated Group of Hospitals, Bikaner, Rajasthan, India
2 Department of Radiation Oncology, Acharya Tulsi Regional Cancer Treatment and Research Institute, Sardar Patel Medical College and Associated Group of Hospitals, Bikaner, Rajasthan, India

Correspondence Address:
Hemalatha Athiyaman
Department of Radiation Physics, Acharya Tulsi Regional Cancer Treatment and Research Institute, Bikaner 334 003, Rajasthan
India

A new planning method for Craniospinal Irradiation by Eclipse treatment planning system using Field alignment, Field-in-Field technique was developed. Advantage of this planning method was also studied retrospectively for previously treated five patients of medulloblastoma with variable spine length. Plan consists of half beam blocked parallel opposed cranium, and a single posterior cervicospine field was created by sharing the same isocenter, which obviates divergence matching. Further, a single symmetrical field was created to treat remaining Lumbosacral spine. Matching between a inferior diverging edge of cervicospine field and superior diverging edge of a Lumbosacral field was done using the field alignment option. «SQ»Field alignment«SQ» is specific option in the Eclipse Treatment Planning System, which automatically matches the field edge divergence as per field alignment rule. Multiple segments were applied in both the spine field to manage with hot and cold spots created by varying depth of spinal cord. Plan becomes fully computerized using this field alignment option and multiple segments. Plan evaluation and calculated mean modified Homogeneity Index (1.04 and 0.1) ensured that dose to target volume is homogeneous and critical organ doses were within tolerance. Dose variation at the spinal field junction was verified using ionization chamber array (I«SQ»MatriXX) for matched, overlapped and gap junction spine fields; the delivered dose distribution confirmed the ideal clinical match, over exposure and under exposure at the junction, respectively. This method is simple to plan, executable in Record and Verify mode and can be adopted for various length of spinal cord with only two isocenter in shorter treatment time.


How to cite this article:
Athiyaman H, Mayilvaganan A, Singh D. A simple planning technique of craniospinal irradiation in the eclipse treatment planning system.J Med Phys 2014;39:251-258


How to cite this URL:
Athiyaman H, Mayilvaganan A, Singh D. A simple planning technique of craniospinal irradiation in the eclipse treatment planning system. J Med Phys [serial online] 2014 [cited 2021 Dec 4 ];39:251-258
Available from: https://www.jmp.org.in/article.asp?issn=0971-6203;year=2014;volume=39;issue=4;spage=251;epage=258;aulast=Athiyaman;type=0