Journal of Medical Physics
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2012  |  Volume : 37  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 32--39

Evaluation of off-axis wedge correction factor using diode dosimeters for estimation of delivered dose in external radiotherapy


Mahmoud Allahverdi1, Alireza Mohammadkarim2, Mahbod Esfehani3, Hasanali Nedaie4, Alireza Shirazi1, Ghazale Geraily1 
1 Department of Medical Physics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Medical Radiation Engineering, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
3 Radiotherapeutic Oncology Department of Cancer Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4 Department of Radiotherapy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Mahmoud Allahverdi
Department of Medical Physics, Tehran university of Medical Sciences, Tehran
Iran

An in vivo dosimetry system, using p-type diode dosimeters, was characterized for clinical applications of treatment machines ranging in megavoltage energies. This paper investigates two different models of diodes for externally wedged beams and explains a new algorithm for the calculation of the target dose at various tissue depths in external radiotherapy. The values of off-axis wedge correction factors were determined at two different positions in the wedged (toward the thick and thin edges) and in the non-wedged directions on entrance and exit surfaces of a polystyrene phantom in 60 Co and 6 MV photon beams. Depth transmission was defined on the entrance and exit surfaces to obtain the off-axis wedge correction factor at any depth. As the sensitivity of the diodes depends on physical characteristics [field size, source-skin distance (SSD), thickness, backscatter], correction factors were applied to the diode reading when measuring conditions different from calibration situations . The results indicate that needful correction factors for 60 Co wedged photons are usually larger than those for 6 MV wedged photon beams. In vivo dosimetry performed with the proposed algorithms at externally wedged beams has negligible probable errors (less than 0.5%) and is a reliable method for patient dose control.


How to cite this article:
Allahverdi M, Mohammadkarim A, Esfehani M, Nedaie H, Shirazi A, Geraily G. Evaluation of off-axis wedge correction factor using diode dosimeters for estimation of delivered dose in external radiotherapy.J Med Phys 2012;37:32-39


How to cite this URL:
Allahverdi M, Mohammadkarim A, Esfehani M, Nedaie H, Shirazi A, Geraily G. Evaluation of off-axis wedge correction factor using diode dosimeters for estimation of delivered dose in external radiotherapy. J Med Phys [serial online] 2012 [cited 2020 Oct 24 ];37:32-39
Available from: https://www.jmp.org.in/article.asp?issn=0971-6203;year=2012;volume=37;issue=1;spage=32;epage=39;aulast=Allahverdi;type=0