Journal of Medical Physics
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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 47  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 20-26

Impact of dosimetric parameters on interplay effects in 6 MV flattening filter-free photon beams to treat lung cancer

1 Medical Physics Program, Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand
2 Division of Radiation Oncology, Department of Radiology, King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, Thai Red Cross Society, Bangkok, Thailand

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Taweap Sanghangthum
Department of Radiology, Division of Radiation Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jmp.jmp_63_21

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Context: Interplay effects have become the significant problem in lung cancer radiotherapy. Since these effects yield dose variation within the target and surrounding tissues. Aim: The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of the dosimetric parameters of interplay effects in 6 MV flattening filter-free (FFF) photon beams for lung cancer. Settings and Design: This study performed planning, measurement, and data analysis sections for examining different breathing amplitudes and phases, doses, dose rates, field sizes, and fractionations. Subjects and Methods: Standard and clinical plans were created on the eclipse treatment planning system. The static and dynamic measurements were performed using a robotic platform and two-dimensional (2D) diode array. The gamma passing rates were defined as the percent of dose variation caused by the interplay effects. Statistical Analysis Used: Unpaired t-test. Results: The outcomes showed three trends between gamma passing rates (γ) and dosimetric parameters. First, a decreasing trend was breathing amplitudes. The lowest γ of maximum amplitudes (2 cm) in both one dimensional and 2D were <25%. Second, an increasing trend was field sizes. The lowest γ of minimum field size (4 cm × 4 cm2) was <55%. Third, constant outcomes were breathing phases, doses, dose rates, and a number of fractions. The γ values of these factors were 53.1%, 55.1%, 34.7%, and 36.7%, respectively. Conclusions: Lung tumor motion-induced interplay effects in 6 MV FFF photon beams are more pronounced for higher breathing amplitudes and smaller field sizes.

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