Journal of Medical Physics
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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 46  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 148-153

The dynamic(s) of adipose stem cell system, their survival, and cessation under the influence of electromagnetic fields

1 Department of Biology, Institute of Medical Sciences, Medical College of Rzeszow University, Rzeszow, Poland
2 Institute of Physics, College of Natural Sciences, Rzeszow University, Rzeszow, Poland

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Agnieszka Banaś-Ząbczyk
Department of Biology, Institute of Medical Sciences, Medical College of Rzeszow University, Al. Mjr. W. Kopisto 2a, 35-959 Rzeszów
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jmp.JMP_10_21

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Context The electromagnetic field (EMF) is one of the external biophysical factors that can influence stem cells' structure and functionality. Depending on its frequency and magnetic flux density, EMF can have both a positive and negative effect on stem cell biology. Aims: The aim of the study is to define EMF conditions that support beneficial physiological processes and those that lead to pathophysiological phenomena. Understanding the changes and processes occurring in stem cells after exposure to EMFs of different parameters can be an important factor to be applied in stem cell-based therapies and regenerative medicine. Materials and Methods: In this study, using fluorescent microscopy and flow cytometry methods, the influence of EMF on adipose-derived stem cells proliferation, cell cycle, viability, and death were examined. EMF parameters were set in accordance with the ion cyclotron resonance (ICR) theory that influences Ca2+ and Mg2+ ions influx. Results were statistically developed using the ANOVA and effect size (Cohen's d) analyses. Results In this study, the continuous exposure of adipose-derived stem cells to EMF (ICR parameters: 76.6 Hz; 20 μT) causes a statistically significant increase in cell death through the enhancement of apoptotic, necrotic, and autophagic cell numbers. Apart from increased cell deaths after EMF exposure, increased proliferation after 24 h of EMF exposure has been also observed. Conclusions Results presented in this study show that EMF influences stem cell dynamics resulting in a significantly increased cell death, thus altering the stem cell fate. It is important to further establish EMF conditions that support ASCs functioning and beneficial physiological processes for future regenerative medical purposes.

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