Journal of Medical Physics
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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 42  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 65-71

Beam characterization of 10-MV photon beam from medical linear accelerator without flattening filter

1 Department of Radiological Technology, School of Health Sciences, Gifu University of Medical Science, Seki, Gifu, Japan
2 Department of Radiation Oncology, Kobe University Hospital, Kobe, Hyougo, Japan
3 Department of Radiology, Seirei Hamamatsu General Hospital, Hamamatsu, Shizuoka, Japan
4 Department of Radiological Technology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Aichi, Japan

Correspondence Address:
Tomohiro Shimozato
Department of Radiological Technology, School of Health Sciences, Gifu University of Medical Science, 795.1, Nagamine Ichihiraga, Seki, Gifu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jmp.JMP_71_16

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Aim: This work investigated the dosimetric properties of a 10-MV photon beam emitted from a medical linear accelerator (linac) with no flattening filter (FF). The aim of this study is to analyze the radiation fluence and energy emitted from the flattening filter free (FFF) linac using Monte Carlo (MC) simulations. Materials and Methods: The FFF linac was created by removing the FF from a linac in clinical use. Measurements of the depth dose (DD) and the off-axis profile were performed using a three-dimensional water phantom with an ionization chamber. A MC simulation for a 10-MV photon beam from this FFF linac was performed using the BEAMnrc code. Results: The off-axis profiles for the FFF linac exhibited a chevron-like distribution, and the dose outside the irradiation field was found to be lower for the FFF linac than for a linac with an FF (FF linac). The DD curves for the FFF linac included many contaminant electrons in the build-up region. Conclusion: Therefore, for clinical use, a metal filter is additionally required to reduce the effects of the electron contamination. The mean energy of the FFF linac was found to be lower than that of the FF linac owing to the absence of beam hardening caused by the FF.

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