Journal of Medical Physics
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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 42  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 59-64

Investigating the electronic portal imaging device for small radiation field measurements

1 Department of Physics, School of Sciences, IFTM University, Moradabad, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Radiotherapy, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Arpita Agarwal
Department of Physics, School of Sciences, IFTM University, Lodhipur Rajput, Delhi Road, Moradabad - 244 102, Uttar Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jmp.JMP_131_16

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Purpose: With the advent of state-of-the-art treatment technologies, the use of small fields has increased, and dosimetry in small fields is highly challenging. In this study, the potential use of Varian electronic portal imaging device (EPID) for small field measurements was explored for 6 and 15 MV photon beams. Materials and Methods: The output factors and profiles were measured for a range of jaw-collimated square field sizes starting from 0.8 cm×0.8 cm to 10 cm×10 cm using EPID. For evaluation purpose, reference data were acquired using Exradin A16 microionization chamber (0.007 cc) for output factors and stereotactic field diode for profile measurements in a radiation field analyzer. Results: The output factors of EPID were in agreement with the reference data for field sizes down to 2 cm×2 cm and for 2 cm×2 cm; the difference in output factors was +2.06% for 6 MV and +1.56% for 15 MV. For the lowest field size studied (0.8 cm×0.8 cm), the differences were maximum; +16% for 6 MV and +23% for 15 MV photon beam. EPID profiles of both energies were closely matching with reference profiles for field sizes down to 2 cm×2 cm; however, penumbra and measured field size of EPID profiles were slightly lower compared to its counterpart. Conclusions: EPID is a viable option for profile and output factor measurements for field sizes down to 2 cm×2 cm in the absence of appropriate small field dosimeters.

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