Journal of Medical Physics
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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 39  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 238-246

Effects of shielding the radiosensitive superficial organs of ORNL pediatric phantoms on dose reduction in computed tomography

Department of Physics, Faculty of Sciences, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Hashem Miri-Hakimabad
Department of Physics, Faculty of Sciences, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Postal Code: 91775 1436, Azadi Sq., Mashhad
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0971-6203.144490

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In computed tomography (CT), some superficial organs which have increased sensitivity to radiation, receive doses that are significant enough to be matter of concern. Therefore, in this study, the effects of using shields on the amount of dose reduction and image quality was investigated for pediatric imaging. Absorbed doses of breasts, eyes, thyroid and testes of a series of pediatric phantoms without and with different thickness of bismuth and lead were calculated by Monte Carlo simulation. Appropriate thicknesses of shields were chosen based on their weights, X-ray spectrum, and the amount of dose reduction. In addition, the effect of lead shield on image quality of a simple phantom was assessed quantitatively using region of interest (ROI) measurements. Considering the maximum reduction in absorbed doses and X-ray spectrum, using a lead shield with a maximum thickness of 0.4 mm would be appropriate for testes and thyroid and two other organs (which are exposed directly) should be protected with thinner shields. Moreover, the image quality assessment showed that lead was associated with significant increases in both noise and CT attenuation values, especially in the anterior of the phantom. Overall, the results suggested that shielding is a useful optimization tool in CT.

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