Journal of Medical Physics
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Year : 2012  |  Volume : 37  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 240-244

Status of radiation protection at different hospitals in Nepal

1 Central Department of Physics, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal
2 Department of Medical Physics, Hospital Regional Universitario Carlos Haya, Malaga, Spain

Correspondence Address:
Kanchan P Adhikari
NAMS, Bir Hospital, Ratna Park, Kathmandu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0971-6203.103611

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Nepal has a long history of medical radiology since1923 but unfortunately, we still do not have any Radiation Protection Infrastructure to control the use of ionizing radiations in the various fields. The objective of this study was an assessment of the radiation protection in medical uses of ionizing radiation. Twenty-eight hospitals with diagnostic radiology facility were chosen for this study according to patient loads, equipment and working staffs. Radiation surveys were also done at five different radiotherapy centers. Questionnaire for radiation workers were used; radiation dose levels were measured and an inventory of availability of radiation equipment made. A corollary objective of the study was to create awareness in among workers on possible radiation health hazard and risk. It was also deemed important to know the level of understanding of the radiation workers in order to initiate steps towards the establishment of Nepalese laws, regulation and code of radiological practice in this field. Altogether, 203 Radiation workers entertained the questionnaire, out of which 41 are from the Radiotherapy and 162 are from diagnostic radiology. The radiation workers who have participated in the questionnaire represent more than 50% of the radiation workers working in this field in Nepal. Almost all X-ray, CT and Mammogram installations were built according to protection criteria and hence found safe. Radiation dose level at the reference points for all the five Radiotherapy centers are within safe limit. Around 65% of the radiation workers have never been monitored for radiation. There is no quality control program in any of the surveyed hospitals except radiotherapy facilities.

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