Journal of Medical Physics
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Year : 2012  |  Volume : 37  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 155-158

The influence of the patient size and geometry on cone beam-computed tomography hounsfield unit

1 Radiotherapy Unit, Pantai Hospital, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
2 School of Physics, University Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia

Correspondence Address:
Heng Siew Ping
Radiotherapy Unit, Pantai Hospital Kuala Lumpur, Kuala Lumpur
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Source of Support: The authors would like to thank the Pantai Hospital Kuala Lumpur for the facilities provided by the Radiotherapy Unit and to carry out this study., Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0971-6203.99239

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The objective of this work is to study the influence of the patient size and geometry on CBCT Hounsfield Unit and the accuracy of calibration Hounsfield Unit to electron density (HU-ED) using patient specific HU-ED mapping method for dose calculation. Two clinical cases, namely nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) case and prostate case for 4 patients with different size and geometry were enrolled to assess the impact of size and geometry on CBCT Hounsfield Unit. The accuracy of the patient specific HU-ED mapping method was validated by comparing dose distributions based on planning CT and CBCT, dose-volume based indices and the digitally reconstructed radiograph (DRR) by analyzing their line profile plots. Significant differences in Hounsfield unit and line profile plots were found for NPC and prostate cases. The doses computed based on planning CT data sets and CBCT datasets for both clinical cases agree to within 1% for planning target volumes and 3% for organs at risk. The data shows that there are high dependence of HU on patient size and geometry; thus, the use of one CBCT HU-ED calibration curve made of one size and geometry will not be accurate for use with a patient of different size and geometry.

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