Journal of Medical Physics
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Year : 2011  |  Volume : 36  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 100-106

Isoeffect calculations with the linear quadratic and its extensions: An examination of model-dependent estimates at doses relevant to hypofractionation

Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK, USA

Correspondence Address:
Salahuddin Ahmad
Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, 825 N.E. 10th, OUPB 1430, Oklahoma City, OK 73104
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0971-6203.79689

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The linear quadratic is the standard model for calculating isoeffects in the range of conventional dose per fraction. However, the use of hypofractionation and stereotactic body radiation therapy can call for isoeffect calculations for large doses per fraction. The purpose of this work is to investigate the linear quadratic at large doses per fraction. The linear quadratic is compared to models that incorporate effects such as dose protraction, whose purpose is to extend the useful range of the linear quadratic to larger doses. The linear quadratic and extended linear quadratic models are fit to 4 data sets. The model-predicted isoeffects for these data sets are calculated. It is found that the linear quadratic and extended linear quadratic predict different isoeffect curves for certain data sets. However, for these data sets, by appropriate selection of a α/β ratio, the linear quadratic can well approximate the extended linear quadratic models. In particular, it is found that a α/β ratio of 0.5 well approximates the extended linear quadratic isoeffect curve for 2 prostate cell lines for conventional and moderate doses per fraction.

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