Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) was created in 1957. It had 56 members in that year, including India. IAEA has now a membership of 134 states. Its headquarters is in Vienna. The mandate for IAEA has been twofold: (i) to promote the peaceful applications of atomic energy in various fields; and (ii) to evolve safeguards (through Bilateral and Multilateral Agreements) to ensure that nuclear materials, instruments and technologies are not clandestinely diverted for non-peaceful uses. Special attention was to be paid to the growth of nuclear energy applications in the developing world.