Journal of Medical Physics
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 44  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 27-34

Evaluation of nanoDot optically stimulated luminescence dosimeter for cone-shaped small-field dosimetry of cyberknife stereotactic radiosurgery unit: A monte carlo simulation and dosimetric verification study


1 Department of Radiation Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey
2 Institute of Nuclear Science, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Fadil Akyol
Department of Radiation Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, Hacettepe University, Sihhiye, Ankara 06100
Turkey
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jmp.JMP_96_18

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Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the adequacy of nanoDot optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) dosimeter for small field dosimetry before its in vivo applications in CyberKnife SRS unit. Materials and Methods: A PTW 60018 SRS Diode, 60019 microDiamond, and Gafchromic EBT3 films were used along with a nanoDot carbon-doped aluminum oxide OSL dosimeter to collect and compare beam data. In addition, the EGSnrc/BEAMnrc code was employed to simulate 6-MV photon beams of CyberKnife SRS system. Results: All detectors showed good consistency with each other in output factor measurements for cone sizes of 15 mm or more. The differences were maintained within 3% for these cones. However, OSL output factors showed higher discrepancies compared to those of other detectors for smaller cones wherein the difference reached nearly 40% for cone size of 5 mm. Depending on the performance of OSL dosimeter in terms of output factors, percentage depth doses (PDDs) were only measured for cones equal to or larger than 15 mm. The differences in PDD measurements were within 5% for depths in the range of 5–200 mm. Conclusion: Its low reliable readings for cones smaller than 15 mm should be considered before its in vivo applications of Cyberknife system.


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