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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 42  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 206-212

The impact of dose rate on the accuracy of step-and-shoot intensity-modulated radiation therapy quality assurance using varian 2300CD


1 Diagnostic and Treatment Center, Marshfield Clinic, Weston, WI; Department of Radiation Oncology, Franciscan St. Francis Health, Indianapolis, IN 46237, USA
2 Department of Radiation Oncology, Franciscan St. Francis Health, Indianapolis, IN 46237, USA
3 Diagnostic and Treatment Center, Marshfield Clinic, Weston, WI, USA

Correspondence Address:
Christopher F Njeh
Department of Radiation Oncology, Franciscan Health, 8111 South Emerson are, Suite 103, Indianapolis, IN 46237
USA
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jmp.JMP_18_17

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Introduction: Intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) delivery using “step-and-shoot” technique on Varian C-Series linear accelerator (linac) is influenced by the communication frequency between the multileaf collimator and linac controllers. Hence, the dose delivery accuracy is affected by the dose rate. Aim: Our aim was to quantify the impact of using two dose rates on plan quality assurance (QA). Materials and Methods: Twenty IMRT patients were selected for this study. The plan QA was measured at two different dose rates. A gamma analysis was performed, and the degree of plan modulation on the QA pass rate was also evaluated in terms of average monitor unit per segment (MU/segment) and the total number of segments. Results: The mean percentage gamma pass rate of 94.9% and 93.5% for 300 MU/min and 600 MU/min dose rate, respectively, was observed. There was a significant (P = 0.001) decrease in percentage gamma pass rate when the dose rate was increased from 300 MU/min to 600 MU/min. There was a weak, but significant association between the percentage pass rate at both dose rate and total number of segments. The total number of MU was significantly correlated to the total number of segments (r = 0.59). We found a positive correlation between the percentage pass rate and mean MU/segment, r = 0.52 and r = 0.57 for 300 MU/min and 600 MU/min, respectively. Conclusion: IMRT delivery using step-and-shoot technique on Varian 2300CD is impacted by the dose rate and the total amount of segments.


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