Journal of Medical Physics
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 37  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 97-101

A case study for online plan adaptation using helical tomotherapy


1 London Regional Cancer Program, London Health Sciences Centre, London, Ontario, Canada
2 London Regional Cancer Program, London Health Sciences Centre; Deparment of Oncology and Medical Biophysics, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada

Correspondence Address:
Slav Yartsev
London Regional Cancer Program, 790 Commissioners Road East, London, Ontario, N6A 4L6.
Canada
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0971-6203.94744

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Helical tomotherapy's ability to provide daily megavoltage (MV) computed tomography (CT) images for patient set-up verification allows for the creation of adapted plans. As plans become more complex by introducing sharper dose gradients in an effort to spare healthy tissue, inter-fraction changes of organ position with respect to plan become a limiting factor in the correct dose delivery to the target. Tomotherapy's planned adaptive option provides the possibility to evaluate the dose distribution for each fraction and subsequently adapt the original plan to the current anatomy. In this study, 30 adapted plans were created using new contours based on the daily MVCT studies of a bladder cancer patient with considerable anatomical variations. Dose to the rectum and two planning target volumes (PTVs) were compared between the original plan, the dose that was actually delivered to the patient, and the theoretical dose from the 30 adapted plans. The adaptation simulation displayed a lower dose to 35% and 50% of the rectum compared to no adaptation at all, while maintaining an equivalent dose to the PTVs. Although online adaptation is currently too time-consuming, it has the potential to improve the effectiveness of radiotherapy.


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