Journal of Medical Physics
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TECHNICAL NOTE
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 36  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 234-238

Evaluation of pencil beam convolution and anisotropic analytical algorithms in stereotactic lung irradiation


Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK, USA

Correspondence Address:
Salahuddin Ahmad
Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, 825 N.E. 10th, OUPB 1430, Oklahoma City, OK 73104
USA
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0971-6203.89974

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The aim of this study was to evaluate differences in dose distributions in stereotactic body radiation therapy treatment plans for lung tumors calculated with pencil beam convolution (PBC) algorithm with modified Batho power law (MBPL) versus heterogeneity corrected anisotropic analytical algorithm (AAA) of the Varian Eclipse treatment planning system. The four-dimensional computed tomography images from 20 patients with lung cancer were used to create treatment plans. Plans used five to seven nonopposing coplanar 6 MV beams. Plans generated with the PBC algorithm and MBPL for tissue heterogeneity corrections were optimized to deliver 60 Gy in three fractions to at least 95% of the planned target volume, and the normal tissue doses for spinal cord, esophagus, heart, and ipsilateral bronchus were restricted to less than 18, 27, 30, and 30 Gy, respectively. Plans were recalculated with AAA, retaining identical beam arrangements, photon beam fluences, and monitor units. The pencil beam plans, designed to deliver 60 Gy, delivered on average 51.6 Gy when re-calculated with the AAA, suggesting a reduction of at least 10% to prescription dose is appropriate when calculating with the AAA.


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