Journal of Medical Physics
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TECHNICAL NOTE
Year : 2010  |  Volume : 35  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 164-169

Comparison of dosimetric characteristics of Siemens virtual and physical wedges for ONCOR linear accelerator


1 National Cancer Institute, Cairo University; Children's Cancer Hospital, Cairo, Egypt
2 Children's Cancer Hospital, Cairo, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
H Ammar
1 Seket Elemam,Childeren's Cancer Hospital, Cairo
Egypt
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0971-6203.62137

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Dosimetric properties of virtual wedge (VW) and physical wedge (PW) in 6- and 10-MV photon beams from a Siemens ONCOR linear accelerator, including wedge factors, depth doses, dose profiles, peripheral doses, are compared. While there is a great difference in absolute values of wedge factors, VW factors (VWFs) and PW factors (PWFs) have a similar trend as a function of field size. PWFs have stronger depth dependence than VWF due to beam hardening in PW fields. VW dose profiles in the wedge direction, in general, match very well with those of PW, except in the toe area of large wedge angles with large field sizes. Dose profiles in the nonwedge direction show a significant reduction in PW fields due to off-axis beam softening and oblique filtration. PW fields have significantly higher peripheral doses than open and VW fields. VW fields have similar surface doses as the open fields, while PW fields have lower surface doses. Surface doses for both VW and PW increase with field size and slightly with wedge angle. For VW fields with wedge angles 45° and less, the initial gap up to 3 cm is dosimetrically acceptable when compared to dose profiles of PW. VW fields in general use less monitor units than PW fields.


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