Journal of Medical Physics
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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2010  |  Volume : 35  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 3-14

Automated medical image segmentation techniques


1 School of Biomedical Engineering, Institute of Technology, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi-221 005, UP, India
2 Department of Radiotherapy and Radiation Medicine, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi-221 005, UP, India

Correspondence Address:
Neeraj Sharma
School of Biomedical Engineering, Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi-221 005, UP
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0971-6203.58777

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Accurate segmentation of medical images is a key step in contouring during radiotherapy planning. Computed topography (CT) and Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging are the most widely used radiographic techniques in diagnosis, clinical studies and treatment planning. This review provides details of automated segmentation methods, specifically discussed in the context of CT and MR images. The motive is to discuss the problems encountered in segmentation of CT and MR images, and the relative merits and limitations of methods currently available for segmentation of medical images.


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