Journal of Medical Physics
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INVITED PAPER
Year : 2009  |  Volume : 34  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 122-128

Advances in multimodality molecular imaging


Geneva University Hospital, Division of Nuclear Medicine, CH-1211 Geneva, Switzerland

Correspondence Address:
Habib Zaidi
Geneva University Hospital, Division of Nuclear Medicine, CH-1211 Geneva
Switzerland
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0971-6203.54844

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Multimodality molecular imaging using high resolution positron emission tomography (PET) combined with other modalities is now playing a pivotal role in basic and clinical research. The introduction of combined PET/CT systems in clinical setting has revolutionized the practice of diagnostic imaging. The complementarity between the intrinsically aligned anatomic (CT) and functional or metabolic (PET) information provided in a "one-stop shop" and the possibility to use CT images for attenuation correction of the PET data has been the driving force behind the success of this technology. On the other hand, combining PET with Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) in a single gantry is technically more challenging owing to the strong magnetic fields. Nevertheless, significant progress has been made resulting in the design of few preclinical PET systems and one human prototype dedicated for simultaneous PET/MR brain imaging. This paper discusses recent advances in PET instrumentation and the advantages and challenges of multimodality imaging systems. Future opportunities and the challenges facing the adoption of multimodality imaging instrumentation will also be addressed.


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